Technology areas of interest
Wireless communications involve the transmission of information over a distance without the help of wires, cables or any other forms of electrical conductors. This technology also refers to a variety of devices with cellular or mobile connectivity such as mobile phones, smartphones, mobile hotspots, tablets, e-book readers, laptops, M2M products and wearables (the so-called Internet of Things). Wireless communications involve the transmission of information over a distance without the help of wires, cables or any other forms of electrical conductors. This technology also refers to a variety of devices with cellular or mobile connectivity such as mobile phones, smartphones, mobile hotspots, tablets, e-book readers, laptops, M2M products and wearables (the so-called Internet of Things).
Wired Broadband & IP Routing
Wired Broadband telecommunications provide a variety of data channels over a physical connection (wire). IP routing is the process of transporting data from source to destination on a determined path across multiple networks through a series of nodes and enables two or more devices to connect with each other.
A GPS tracking unit is a device that uses the Global Positioning System to determine and track the precise location of people and objects. The system works by attaching a GPS device to the target to be tracked that transmits positioning information to a server. Other techniques exist to supplement (for accuracy) or complement (for example, indoor) GPS tracking. Such techniques include, among others: base station triangulation, ultra-wideband, Wi-Fi indoor tracking, Bluetooth low-energy and other forms of beacon-based tracking.
Wearable technology refers to electronic technologies or computers that are incorporated into items or accessories (or directly on clothing or attached to the skin) which can comfortably be worn on the body. Wearable technology products embed software, sensors and wireless connectivity enabling the exchange of data with other connected devices, with or without requiring human intervention.
In information technology, the user interface (UI) is everything designed into an information device with which a human being may interact and include techniques like haptics, gesture recognition, voice communication, eyesight movement, up to the ultimate user-machine interface: brain-machine interaction. Devices which incorporate UIs includes virtually any device designed to be used by a user such as mobile phones, personal computers, TVs, automobiles, wearables, which interact with the user through a variety of means including display screen, touch screen, light pen, the appearance of a virtual desktop, illuminated characters, help messages, Web-based interaction suck as forms, hyperlinks, buttons, etc.
Automotive and intelligent transportation
The latest developments in IoT technologies applied to the automotive sector have led to a new way of conceiving cars and transportation in general. Nowadays, car manufacturers are building smart and connected vehicles (cars, buses, trucks, trains, vessels, aerial vectors, etc.) that are equipped with mobile connectivity, internet access and remote monitoring capabilities. This allows vehicles to access a number of services through communication with each other (so-called Vehicle-to-Vehicle communication, or V2V), servers and the transportation infrastructure (so-called Vehicle-to-Infrastructure communication, or V2X). Intelligent transportation and connected vehicles are revolutionizing the way users (including drivers and manufacturers alike) use the transportation infrastructure.
E-Health solutions cover a range of services or systems that are at the edge of medicine/healthcare and information technology, including: electronic health records, Computerized Physician Order Entry, ePrescribing, Clinical Decision Support, Telemedicine, Consumer health informatics, Health knowledge management, Virtual healthcare teams, m-Health, Medical research using Grids, Health Informatics / Healthcare Information Systems. Automated healthcare information systems are expected to improve medical care, lower costs, increase efficiency, reduce error and improve patient satisfaction.
Navigation & Localization Technologies
Localization technologies are widely implemented in assisted navigation systems (see the Personal Tracking section for one possible use case). Said navigation systems can be query-based and provide the end user with useful information. An application of these technologies is a location-based service (LBS) which is an application layer for connected, mobile device that exploits and leverages information on the mobile device’s location. Use cases include: fleet management, advanced logistics, asset tracking, etc.
Digital Television and Digital broadcasting
Digital television (DTV) is the transmission of television signals using digital rather than conventional analog methods, so to obtain a superior image resolution, compatibility with computers and the Internet, interactivity, superior audio quality, consistency of reception over varying distances. Current TV technologies such as HDTV will soon be replaced by 4K/8K (UHDTV) broadcasting. Digital broadcasting refers more generally to the distribution of digital content (such as audio) through a broadcasting network infrastructure.
The light-emitting diode (LED) is one of today's most energy-efficient lighting technologies. Compared to traditional incandescent or fluorescent lamps, LED light bulbs have a longer lifespan, offer greater electrical efficiency, and provide excellent light quality. The energy-efficient nature of LEDs also makes them environmentally friendly. The LED lamp market is projected to grow significantly over the next decade, and is already being explored as a possible enabler of applications well beyond lighting, such as localization and information transmission.